Disk encryption

definition, applications and importance

The 21st century is an era of technological advancement as well as revolutionary discoveries. In the current rapid evolution speed of our world, it's not surprising to see new innovations made every day. Innovations that are fuelled by a singular and dependable source: information. Information is essential in our society of technology - every business is dependent on it. However everyone relies on it to enhance their knowledge and extraction to enhance their abilities. No matter what the circumstance, the topic or purpose the information is more important than information. Because of the continuous influx of data and the overwhelming amount of information, issues relating to security and privacy are currently gaining the forefront.

This is why it is of paramount significance and in the best interests of both tech users and businesses to secure the storage of private information and information about customers. It doesn't matter if you're using an office computer, a tablet, laptop, smartphone, or any other device with an integrated storage device, it is essential to be aware of the need to safeguard your private information while at the same time keeping it secure. We have explored the subject that is server-based encryption during our previous lessons, this time we are going to concentrate our attention on the encryption of disks. Encrypting your disk , or any other storage device to be precise, will aid in protecting yourself in terms of safety and protection. This is why we would like to hope that by the time you finish of this article , you'll be fully informed about disk encryption with regard to its definition, use as well as its importance. 

Is encryption a thing?

To understand the underlying principles behind encryption of disks, we have to first understand the concept of encryption generally. Data encryption is defined as the procedure of taking data, or a set of data and turning it into machine-generated and unreadable code that is a random sequence of varying pre-defined characters and symbols with only the purpose of stopping unauthorized access to the information or data.

When encryption is performed there is a specific key created, known as an encryption key that is used to decipher encrypted data and transform it back into readable human data. This process is known as symmetric encryption. It is extensively used by programs like ProtonMail that utilize this same encryption key in order to encode and decrypt data. In other instances there is a distinct encryption key is generated and its purpose is to decode data instead of encrypting it. This is referred to as an asymmetric encryption since it utilizes two keys. 

What exactly is encryption on disks?

Disk encryption employs the above procedure to transform the data within your gadget or other storage device to an inaccessible code like format. Through encryption software or other hardware each bit of data on your hard drive is converted to stop unauthorized access. But, what you may not know, is the fact that you have two distinct kinds of encryption options that can be used on your drive.

The types of encryption on disks

There are generally two distinct types of encryption available for files on your disk: full disk encryption as well as file-level encryption. When you use a file-level encryption, you're only restricting access to a particular directories, files or folders within your gadget, often using the use of a password or key generator. This kind of encryption is particularly beneficial when you want to ensure that your device is always operating even when you're not using it, and you don't want others to interfere on your work or invade your privacy. In contrast when you use full disk encryption you're protecting the entire amount of your storage in one go which means that the moment someone stole your device or even your disk, they'd be unable to figure out the information on the disk. So, we're going to concentrate on the full disk encryption feature and the benefits it offers.

How do I secure my disk?

There are a variety of choices to choose from, including those that you can manually perform and the ones that can be performed entirely automatically. For manual procedures, you can attempt to create a unique password that restricts access to your hard drive. If you choose to use this method, keep in mind that using a random assortment of numbers, characters as well as symbols would be the most effective option when it comes to creating your password. In addition, you could encode your disk and store the encrypted key in the physical storage medium, such as an USB drive. This means that you'd first have to insert your USB to the drive to access the storage disk.
For software that automates your work two different options are at your disposal. On the other is, if using Windows it is possible to use the free encryption software called BitLocker to protect your hard drive or, if you're using a device running macOS and FileVault, you can utilize FileVault to achieve this effect. However there are many other software applications are available on the Web however, they are only available as a premium service so you'll be required to buy the software. One option is to typically use open-source applications like the sturdy and reliable VeraCrypt. In general, we recommend using tools and software developed by Microsoft or Apple in terms of their reliability however, if you decide to use the third-party option, be sure that it's open-source to prevent potential backdoors and other issues.

If you are looking to take your disk encryption to the next step of privacy and security You can purchase an Trusted Platform Module, known as TPM. The TMP is an electronic chip that can be manually connected to your motherboard. Its main function is to generate encryption keys that are stored on the microchip rather than on the disk, which makes decoding the data on the drive exponentially more difficult should the device be lost or stolen. Furthermore it is possible that the TMP is able to detect suspicious activity, such as doing something that isn't in the norm and instantly move to completely lock itself while securing the data stored on the disk. In addition, the microchip may detect malware that has been accidentally or forcefully in the drive. If this happens, it will shut itself off, stopping the spread of this malware and keeping your system safe. 

Why is it so important to secure your data?

As we have mentioned before The primary reasons are to ensure the privacy and security of your data. As a user it is your responsibility to not allow anyone to gain access to your computer system, including temporary or cached files and also your traditional stored data. Additionally, in the case of large-scale businesses as well as service providers, information encryption is crucial and is even mandatory. One example is hospitals as well as any private practice that gathers information about patients. The safe storage of medical records as well as personal information is essential with breaches and leaks possible even being criminally prosecuted. Online retailers and giants of e-commerce have to securely keep their customers' information while also ensuring that the data isn't stolen, sold , or leaked. In addition, there are rules of conduct and codes like the GDPR in Europe that further assist by legally requiring companies to protect the data of their customers as stated in The Guardian. In addition, the ability to secure the data on a particular disk can be very beneficial should there be theft.

You may also like our article on Anonymity.

In the end, whether you're an individual or an organization it is essential to ensure that the drive holding all of your personal information is encrypted securely to protect your personal information. There are a variety of choices to pick from when it comes to encryption your disk like the use of passwords and automated applications, and even other hardware like with the aid of TPM. However, what is important is having an additional layer of security to protect yourself as well as your clients' or personal data.